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By Jikishin Kobudo, Oct 12 2013 11:00AM

Weapon injuries discovered on the skull of an adult male from late 17th century Japan indicates the presence of blows created by both sharp and blunt weaponry.

In total this man sustained seven strikes, which due to the lack of healing, we can assume are likely to have caused his death. The sharp injuries are likely caused by swords whilst the blunt injuries are uncertain. Injuries 5 and 6 are circular impacts. Injury 7 is a quadrangular hole, similar to the base of an old Sai?


A: Posterior view of the cranium

B: Left lateral view of the cranium

C: Superior view of the cranium

D: Inferior view of the right parietal bone

E: Right lateral view of the cranium

Injuries (White arrows show location of traumas)

1-4: Sharp force traumas affecting the ectocranial and endocranial surfaces

5-7: Blunt force traumas with radiating fractures from the perforation.

(Ref: Nagaola, T. (2012) Cranial traumatic injuries caused by weapons in Tokugawa, Japan. Int J. Osteoarchaeol., 22: 138-144 doi: 10.1002/oa.1187)

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