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By Jikishin Kobudo, Oct 18 2015 11:00AM

It is difficult to conceive a full combat strike to the high section that does not carry a risk of causing fatality. Osteoarchaeologists find many causes of violent death in history resulting from a single head strike.

Although the brain is reasonably well protected from the occasional bumps of day to day life, being attacked by a weapon with force under the control of a malevolent adversary will almost certainly lead to an unfavourable result.

Certain parts of the skull are particularly vulnerable to fracture and our major auditory and visual senses are also easily disrupted. The greatest danger is of significant brain trauma, which will almost certainly see the end of a feudal fighter. A good fighter should be able to keep their head out of trouble through evasive body manoeuvres and good distance; however a series of compound attacks can open up the target.

Trained fighters know the risks of a battle and the ease with which serious damage can be caused. As such they do not want to be put in the situation of having to risk injuring another if at all necessary. For this reason the strongest avoid fights unless absolutely required. In some cases they may be seen to walk away or back down from conflict. This is described by the Japanese as ‘Make Ruga Kachi’ 負けるが勝ち(Losing but Winning).

The high section striking targets are:

TENDO – Crown of the head

TENTO – Fontanelle


MIMI – Ears

DOKKO – Behind the ears

SEIDON – Eye socket

MIKEN – Between the eyes

GANSEI – Eyeball

JINCHU – Philtrum

GEKON – Front of the jaw


NODO – Larynx

HICHU – Base of the throat

KEICHU – Nape of the neck

SHOFU – Side of the neck

SHONO - Cerebellum

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