By Jikishin Kobudo, Sep 5 2015 11:00AM
It is the nature of weapons that their attacking focus can very quickly become redirected from high techniques to low techniques in a way that unarmed fighting cannot. In unarmed fighting your primary attacking tools (arms and legs) are rooted to the torso through the major joints (hips and shoulders), which makes them largely predictable to the trained fighter; whereas in weapon-based combat, your attacking tools are rooted to the highly mobile and more volatile wrist joints. As such, low-section attacks and defences feature heavily in Kobudo to a much higher proportion than in Karate.
This is just one reason among several why Kobudo is distinct from Karate and should not be practiced like it.
A large proportion of the Japanese/Okinawan approach to Kobudo (in comparison to the Chinese, Taiwanese and Philippino approach) is concerned with understanding the complex relationship between technique and target. It is understanding the right combinations of striking movement and attack points that allows those on a path of Budo to consider the principle of Seiryoku Zenyo 精力善用 (maximum efficacy, minimum effort).
The low section striking targets are:
KODENKO – Base of the spine
BITEI – Coccyx
COSHI – Hip
USHIRO INAZUMA – Under the buttock
KINTEKI – Testicles
KISHO - Inguinal region
YAKO – Inside of the thigh
FUKOTO – Outside of the thigh
HIZA – Knee joint
KOKOTSU – Shin bone
SOBI– Base of the calf
AKIRESUKEN – Achilles tendon
UCHIKUROBUSHI– Inside of the ankle
KORI – Inside of the foot bridge
KUSAGAKURE – Outside of the foot bridge